O-Ring Design Considerations
What to Know About O-Ring Squeeze, Stretch, Compression, and More
Our o-ring groove design guides list default o-ring groove dimensions for the most basic applications and are intended to be used with the following o-ring groove design considerations to engineer on o-ring gland to optimize specific application performance. The wrong size groove makes even the best o-ring underperform.
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O-Ring Squeeze Compression
O-Ring Installed Stretch
O-Ring Application Pressure Vs. O-Ring Gland Clearance Gap Size
O-Ring Gland Surface Finish
- 32Ra to seal liquid
-16Ra to seal gas
O-Ring Gland Sharp Corners
O-Ring Gland Fill %
O-Ring Eccentricity & Side Loading
High Pressure Extrusion
Most o-rings are designed to operate at pressures up to 1,500 psi. At higher pressures, the material must have enough strength to resist extruding into the clearance gap. The chart shows the recommended combined limits of clearance, gap, material hardness and system pressure differential. To avoid extrusion at high temperature, reduce the extrusion gap, increase the seal material hardness or add a back-up ring to the o-ring but will require a wider gland.
Cycling pressure can cause the o-ring to move back and forth within the gland. This motion can damage seals with low abrasion resistant materials. A higher durometer or an abrasion resistant material is recommended for these applications.
Molded TolerancesStandard o-ring tolerance charts, x-ring tolerances, molded rubber tolerances, extruded tolerances and rubber sheet tolerances.